General Canine Health

We have a library of PDF files that we often refer to whenever any of us have a question or concern about our dogs. The breeders listed on this website often refer people to some of these files when clients have questions. The many articles you will find below pertain to all dogs, not just Aussies. All of the links will take you to a PDF that you can print and save for your records or take to your veterinarian for consideration. 

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Articles for the puppy owner...

Worming Schedule for Puppies & Dogs - "Parasites don’t want to kill your puppy; they just want to use them as a dinner plate! Our goal is to prevent that from happening. Intestinal parasites have been around forever and are not going away, but you can control them with the proper deworming schedule!"

Diagnosing Diarrhea - "Puppy diarrhea has a cause and we need to get to the issue. We also need to understand what testing says and what it does not say. I want to get away from treating diarrhea as a casual visitor and start looking at it as a criminal who is costing you time and occasionally the lives of your puppies - we need to eliminate it!"

Coccidia (Coccidiosis): A Cause of Diarrhea - "Coccidia are small protozoans (one-celled organisms) that live in the intestinal tracts of dogs and cats. They cause disease most commonly in puppies and kittens less than six months of age, in adult animals whose immune system is suppressed, or in animals who are stressed in other ways (e.g.; change in ownership, other disease present)." 

Coronavirus - "Most domestic dogs, especially adults, have measurable Coronavirus antibody titers indicating that they were exposed to canine Coronavirus at some time in their life. Its importance as an infectious disease and killer of dogs has probably been overestimated by vaccine manufacturers and some veterinary authorities."

Giardia (Giardia canis) - "What are the signs of a Giardia infection? Most infections with Giardia are asymptomatic. In the rare cases in which disease occurs, younger animals are usually affected, and the usual sign is diarrhea. The diarrhea may be acute, intermittent, or chronic. Usually the infected animals will not lose their appetite, but they may lose weight. The feces are often abnormal, being pale, having a bad odor, and appearing greasy. In the intestine, Giardia prevents proper absorption of nutrients, damages the delicate intestinal lining, and interferes with digestion." 

Distemper in Puppies and Dogs - "Canine distemper virus in the dog can affect a wide range of organs including the skin, brain, eyes, intestinal and respiratory tracts. The virus is transmitted through the air through coughing by infected animals and also through body secretions such as urine. Dogs of any age can be affected, however, most are puppies less than 6 months of age." 

Parvovirus - Serious Diarrhea in Puppies & Dogs: "'Parvo' is a highly contagious disease characterized by diarrhea that is often bloody. Parvovirus is spread through contact with feces containing the virus. The virus is known to survive on inanimate objects - such as clothing, food pans, and cage floors - for 5 months and longer in the right conditions. Insects and rodents may also serve as vectors playing an important role in the transmission of the disease. This means any fecal material or vomit needs to be removed with a detergent before the bleach solution is used. The bleach solution should be used on bedding, dishes, kennel floors and other impervious materials that may be contaminated." 

Parvo – Never give up! - "Whether you are breeding dogs or rescuing them, Parvovirus is always talked about because of the impact of the virus on our puppies’ health. If they contract the disease, it can be weeks before the puppy has recovered enough to move to a new home. Parvo causes more dollar loss than any other disease in kennels and rescues." 

Hepatitis: Canine Adenovirus - "Canine hepatitis is a disease of the liver and other body organs caused by canine adenovirus type 1 (CAV-1). The virus is found worldwide and is spread by body fluids including nasal discharge and urine. Recovered patients can shed the virus for up to nine months in the urine. The primary mode of transmission is by direct contact with an infected dog. Contaminated runs, cages, dishes, hands, boots, etc., can also serve as a source of transmission." 

Probiotic - What works and what does not. - Intestinal micro-flora is important for nutrition and digestion but the most important function is helping protect the body from bad bacteria! There is a constant bacterial fight of good versus evil going on in the gut. If the good bacteria do not win, the body may absorb bad bacteria or viruses causing illness. 70% of the body’s immune system is in our gut and for good reason! 

Early Spay-Neuter Considerations for the Canine Athlete - One Veterinarian’s Opinion...Those of us with responsibility for the health of canine athletes need to continually read and evaluate new scientific studies to ensure that we are taking the most appropriate care of our performance dogs. This article reviews scientific evidence that, taken together, suggests that veterinarians and owners working with canine athletes should revisit the current standard protocol in which all dogs that are not intended for breeding are spayed and neutered at or before 6 months of age.
Long-Term Health Risks and Benefits Associated with Spay / Neuter in Dogs - "This article is an attempt to summarize the long-term health risks and benefits associated with spay/neuter in dogs that can be found in the veterinary medical literature. This article will not discuss the impact of spay/neuter on population control, or the impact of spay/neuter on behavior."

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Articles for the young dog owner...

Bloat Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) What is bloat? - Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) is also known as "bloat," "stomach torsion," or "twisted stomach." Bloat is an extremely serious condition, and should be considered a life-threatening emergency when it occurs.

Brucellosis (Brucella canis) and Abortions in Dogs - "It seems that over the years much has been written on brucellosis in breeding dogs, but despite it all, infection rates may run as high as 8-10%. That is right, it is suspected that one in ten dogs in this country may carry Brucella canis."

Canine Congestive Heart Failure - "What is congestive heart failure? Congestive heart failure (CHF) occurs when the heart is no longer able to pump blood to the lungs and/or body at the designed volume and pressure."

Canine Influenza (Dog Flu) - "Dog flu is a contagious respiratory disease in dogs. What causes dog flu? Dog flu is caused by the canine influenza virus, known as H3N8. It is a specific Type A influenza virus that causes disease in dogs but not humans. The H3N8 influenza virus was originally a horse influenza virus. The virus spread to dogs and has adapted to cause disease in dogs and be easily transmitted between dogs. There is now what is believed to be a dog-specific H3N8 virus."

Hip Dysplasia - "What is hip dysplasia? To understand hip dysplasia we must have a basic understanding of the joint that is being affected. The hip joint forms the attachment of the hind leg to the body and is a ball and socket joint. The ball portion is the head of the femur while the socket (acetabulum) is located on the pelvis. In a normal joint the ball rotates freely within the socket. To facilitate movement the bones are shaped to perfectly match each other; with the socket surrounding the ball."

Heartworm - Heartworm is a potentially devastating disease that can occur in both dogs and cats. It can also be difficult to diagnose until it’s in advanced stages, which means screening and prevention is vital to protecting your pets from heartworm.

Ivermectin Toxicity in Dogs - "Several breeds are more likely to be affected by avermectins including collies and collie crosses. The Old English Sheepdog, Australian Shepherds, and Shetland Sheepdogs have also been mentioned as susceptible breeds. This increased susceptibility is due to a difference in the blood-brain barrier in these breeds. Younger animals also appear more susceptible to intoxication."

Kennel Cough - "'Kennel Cough' is the term that was commonly applied to the most prevalent upper respiratory problem in dogs in the United States. Recently, the condition has become known as tracheobronchitis, canine infectious tracheobronchitis, Bordetellosis, or Bordetella. It is highly contagious in dogs. The disease is found worldwide and will infect a very high percentage of dogs in their lifetime."

Leptospirosis (Lepto) - "Leptospira bacteria penetrate mucous membranes or abraded skin and multiply rapidly upon entering the blood system. From there they spread to other tissues including the kidneys, liver, spleen, nervous system, eyes, and genital tract. As the body fights the infection, the organism is cleared from most organs, but they may persist in the kidneys and be shed for weeks or months in the urine. The amount of damage done to the internal organs is variable depending on the serovar and the host it infects. After 7 or 8 days of infection, the animal will begin to recover, if the damage to the kidneys or liver is not too severe."

Probiotic - What works and what does not. - Intestinal micro-flora is important for nutrition and digestion but the most important function is helping protect the body from bad bacteria! There is a constant bacterial fight of good versus evil going on in the gut. If the good bacteria do not win, the body may absorb bad bacteria or viruses causing illness. 70% of the body’s immune system is in our gut and for good reason!

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Articles for breeders...

Babies and Milk Replacers - In the perfect world, our management of females is to remove the need for milk replacers! That is not always possible especially when moms are not keeping up with demand due to large litters. The best use of a milk replacer is to “top off” a fast growing litter to take the demand off mom and save those small puppies or kittens.

Puppy Puzzlers - Swollen Eyes, But Not Open Yet? Raising the perfect puppy involves watching the eyes when they are still closed. Puppies are born premature compared to other mammals and the eyes are still forming and are prone to infection. A swollen eye or pus coming out of the corner of the eye is infected. They can start with a bacteria or virus, but the pus is bacterial. These are critical issues and quick treatment prevents problems later in life.

Ticks - Don't Let Them Overwhelm You! - The list of tick transmitted diseases continues to grow: Lyme disease, Anaplasmosis, Ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Cytauxzoonosis and Babesiosis. We can vaccinate for Lyme, but with the rest, we need to find other methods to prevent. The obvious solution for all these diseases is to control the ticks - but how?

Flea Hunting in the Kennel - Hunting fleas is difficult, but it can be impossible if you do not know how they live. The adult female is simply an egg-laying machine, laying 50 to 100 eggs a day! Before they die, females can lay several thousand eggs, which fall off the pet into the environment...

Managing Males - Hot Weather Breeding - Hot weather takes a toll on all animals, but especially the male breeding dog. Hot weather breeding is never a sure thing and can be one of the toughest management times in the kennel. With proper managing you can increase the fertility of your
breeding males.

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The vast majority of these articles are written by the wonderful Veterinarian Doctor. B from Revival Animal Health. Doctor B is a frequent featured speaker at all kinds of seminars and presents on many canine and feline subjects. We use them for most of our supplies and the gals at the office are very knowledgeable as well as very helpful. The next time you need supplies give Revival Animal Health a try.  1-800-786-4751

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